Key Texts and References

Key texts on financial accountability by authors outside the research network. These include academic journal articles, think tank papers and primary documents related to various aspects of financial accountability in the EU.


  • European Court of Auditors (2014) Reflections. 35th Anniversary of the European Court of Auditors, Luxembourg, 2014. Accessible here.
  • Hobolt, S. and Tilley, F. (2014) Blaming Europe? Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, OUP.


  • European Parliament (2013) The European Parliament’s Right to Grant Discharge to the Council, Directorate-General for Internal Policies, Policy Department D: Budgetary Affairs. Brussels. Available at:
  • Lindberg, S. I. (2013) ‘Mapping accountability: core concepts and subtypes’, International Review of Administrative Sciences, 79(2): 202-226.
  • Schmidt, V. (2013) ‘Democracy and Legitimacy in the European Union Revisited: Input, Output and Throughput’, Political Studies 61: 2-22.


  • Karakatsanis, G. and Laffan, B. (2012) ‘Financial Control: the Court of Auditors and OLAF’. In Peterson, J. and Shackleton, M. (eds.) The Institutions of the European Union (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 241-261.


  • Davies, S. and Polverari, L. (2011) ‘Financial Accountability and European Union Cohesion Policy’, Regional Studies 45(5): 695-706.
  • Stefanou, C., White, S. and Xanthaki, H. (2011) OLAF at the Crossroads – Action against EU Fraud, Oxford: Hart.


  • Bovens, M. (2010) ‘Two concepts of accountability: Accountability as a Virtue and as a Mechanism’, West European Politics, 33(5): 946-67.
  • Bovens, M., Curtin, D. and ’t Hart, P. (2010) The Real World of Accountability – What Deficit?, Oxford: OUP.
  • Busuioc, M. (2010) The Accountability of European Agencies: Legal Provisions and Ongoing Practices, Delft: Eburon.
  • Cipriani, G. (2010) The EU Budget – Responsibility without accountability? Brussels: CEPS. Available as a free download at:
  • Curtin, D., Mair, P. and Papadopoulos, Y. (2010) ‘Positioning Accountability in European Governance: An Introduction’, West European Politics, 33(5): 929-45.
  • Harlow, C. (2011) ”Accountability as a Value in Global Governance and for Global Administrative Law’ in Gordon Anthony, Jean-Bernard Auby, John Morison and Tom Zwart (eds), Values in Global Administrative Law (Hart Publishing, 2011) pp. 167-185.
  • Hood, C. (2010) ‘Accountability and Transparency: Siamese Twins, Matching Parts, Awkward Couple?’, West European Politics, 33(5): 989-1009.
  • Kourtikakis, K. (2010) ‘Imitation and supranational politics: some lessons from the European Ombudsman and the European Court of Auditors’, European Political Science Review 2(1): 27-48.
  • Lord, C. & Pollack, J. (2010) ‘Representation and Accountability: Communicating Tubes?’, West European Politics, 33(5): 968-988.
  • Page, E. (2010) ‘Accountability as a Bureaucratic Minefield: Lessons from a Comparative Study’, West European Politics, 33(5): 1010-1029.
  • Papadopoulos, Y. (2010) ‘Accountability and Multi-level Governance: More Accountability, Less Democracy?’ West European Politics 33(5): 1030-49.
  • Riksrevisionen (Swedish supreme audit institution, coordinator) (2010), ‘The causes of the global financial crisis and their implications for Supreme Audit Institutions’, Stockholm, October 2010, available here.
  • Wille, A. (2010) ‘Political–Bureaucratic Accountability in the EU Commission: Modernising the Executive’, West European Politics, 33(6): 1093-1116.


  • Abromeit, H. (2009) ‘Accountability and Democracy, in Gustavsson et al., pp. 23-34.
  • Agné, H. (2009) ‘Irretrievable powers and democratic accountability’, in Gustavsson et al., pp. 51-66.
  • Gustavsson, S., Karlsson, C. & Persson, T. (2009) The Illusion of Accountability in the EU, London: Routledge.
  • House of Commons (Public Account Committee) (2009) ‘Financial Management in the European Union’, 32nd Report, Session 2008-2009, 15 June 2009.
  • Larue, T. (2009) ‘Delegation to the permanent representation and mechanisms of accountability’, Gustavsson et al., pp. 83-95.
  • Naurin, D. (2009) ‘The European Central Bank – independent and accountable?’, in Gustavsson et al., pp. 126-140.
  • Persson, T. (2009) ‘Civil society participation and accountability’, in Gustavsson et al., pp. 141-154.
  • Tallberg, J. (2009) ‘Executive power and accountability in the European Union’, in Gustavsson et al., pp. 111-125.


  • Kassim, H. (2008) ‘”Mission Impossible’, but Mission Accomplished: The Kinnock Reforms and the European Commission’, Journal of European Public Policy 15(5): 648-668.


  • Bovens, M. (2007) ‘Analysing and Assessing Accountability: A Conceptual Framework’, European Law Journal, 13(4): 447-468.
  • Harlow, C. and Rawlings, R. (2007) ‘Promoting accountability in multi-level governance: a network approach” Eurogov Working Paper No. C-06-02 April 7, 2006 (2007) 13 (4) European Law Journal 542-546.
  • Schön-Quinlivan, E. (2007) ‘Administrative Reform in the European Commission’, in Management Reforms in International Organizations, ed. Michael Bauer (Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2007).


  • Cipriani, G. (2006) ‘The responsibility for implementing the Community budget’, CEPS Working Papers, no. 247. Available at:


  • Curtin, D. and Nollkaemper, A. (2005) ‘Conceptualizing Accountability in International and European Law’, Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 36(1), 3-20.


  • Craig, P. (2004) ‘A new Framework for EU Administration: The 2002 Financial Regulation’, Law and Contemporary Problems, 68(1): 107-134.
  • Fischer, E. (2004) ‘The European Union in the Age of Accountability’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 24(3): 495-515.


  • Laffan, B. (2003) ‘Auditing and accountability in the European Union’, Journal of European Public Policy, 10(5): 762-777.


  • Arnull, A. and Wincott, D. (2002) (eds.) Accountability and Legitimacy in the European Union, Oxford: OUP.
  • Harlow, C. (2002) Accountability in the European Union, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Before 2002

  • Strathern, M. (ed.) (2000) Audit Cultures – Anthropological studies in accountability, ethics and the academy, London: Routledge.
  • Laffan, B. (1999) ‘Becoming a “Living Institution”: The Evolution of the European Court of Auditors’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 37(2): 251-268.
  • White, F. & Hollingsworth, K. (1999) Audit, Accountability and Government, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Power, M. (1997) The Audit Society: Rites of Verification, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Levy, R. (1996) ‘Managing value for money audit in the European Union: the challenge of diversity’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 43(4), 509-529.
  • Kok, C. (1989) ‘The Court of Auditors of the European Communities: “The Other European Court in Luxembourg”’, Common Market Law Review, 26: 345-67.

The European Court of Auditors publishes a bibliographical survey (updated 10 September 2014) containing a list of references and summaries related to the finances of the EU.

If you think there are any important references to be added, please let us know:


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